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How to Make Perfume

TOM FORD'S PERFUME LAUNCH

Making perfume is easier than might be expected. Whether you are making perfume for your personal use or for a gift, making perfume is creative and fun. Making a perfume means creating your own unique fragrance. Homemade perfume is an easy project, and fun to learn.  Experiment with combination of your favourite scents, and let your creativity be your guide. The very most important material you will need is a piece of paper and pen, to record the ingredients and measurements of the ingredients you use. In that way you can reproduce that wonderful fragrance discovery. And, who knows? You may find a new perfume to market.

What type of perfume would you like to make? You can make eau de cologne, perfume concentrates, and scented soaps. The list of ways to use your fragrance is unlimited. Deciding how you use the fragrance will probably influence the fragrance ingredients you choose. Lighter scents are used during the day, and every day. Heavier scents or scents with more exotic ingredients are saved for eveningwear or special occasions.
 
What are your favourite smells?  What would you like your fragrance to smell like? Perfumes are made of three notes, or main aspects of scent. First, choose the three scents you'd like for your perfume. Next, choose the proportions of these scents you think would make the perfect combination for a great perfume. Keep good records, for you will want to be able to reproduce the scent accurately once you create it.

Do you want your perfume to smell lighter or softer? Floral and citrus scents are usually used in lighter fragrances. Sweet smells are scents such as rose, vanilla, and other floral scents. If you want a masculine fragrance, use scents that smell like various types of wood or grasses. Sandalwood and cedar are manly wood scents. Vetiver is an ingredient used when a grassy scent is desired. And spices like cinnamon and ginger add a masculine, warm aspect to any perfume. Combinations of flower smells and woody notes could create unisex cologne for both men and women.

You should make out a list of ingredients based on your preferences.  When compiling this list, you should have in mind the characteristics of the ingredients you'd like to add to your recipe. Do your research. You may find a fragrance recipe you like on the Internet.  If you' already have a recipe to follow, you won't bother experimenting with ingredients. However, you may take a recipe that has already been created, add an ingredient or two, and give the recipe a whole new aspect.

The first rule of perfume making is that you should experiment as much as you can. It's a fact that some of the greatest perfumes were created because somebody said something like… "and what if I put these two together?" Perfume making is an art. That is why imagination and a great sense of smell can overcome a lack of experience or knowledge. The second most important thing is that there are 3 key ingredients to a perfume recipe. The first ingredient is essential oils or two. Essential oils are extracts from various plants, organic or non-organic, that combined give you the smell of your perfume, Pure grain alcohol is the second ingredient used in perfume.  Water is the third ingredient basic to perfume making. All of these ingredients blend to make a perfume that can be worn on the body or clothing.

There are 3 types of oil and extracts, which will ultimately influence the smell of your perfume. The main oil or extract that on which you want to base your perfume is called a base note. Base note scents will be the scent that will stay the longest on your skin, which is why it is usually added first to the fragrance mixture. The middle notes will also influence the smell of the perfume for a long time, although not as long as the base notes. Therefore, the scent or scents used as middle notes will be next in importance when making your fragrance.  The third type of oil or extract you will need to pick is called the perfumes top notes. Top notes will give the perfume its specific scent when it is first applied.

The top notes will be added to the mixture after the middle notes and may be followed by some other substance to bridge the scents. It is very important that you mix the extracts in the given order and that you use a sufficient quantity of each type, usually the same for all three.

Last, but not least, here's a list of the most easily found oils that may lead you to your dream perfume:

Base notes - sandalwood, vanilla, cinnamon, mosses, lichens, ferns.

Middle notes - lemongrass, geranium, neroli, ylang-ylang.

Top notes - orchid, rose, bergamot, lavender, lemon, and lime.

Many companies offer essential oils and extracts to use when creating your own specific scent. Fragrance oils are less expensive than essential oils, and may save you some money when you are first developing a fragrance. Later, when you have designed the perfect scent combinations, you may choose to use the more expensive and better quality essential oils.  Be sure to protect your work surface with plastic, as the ingredients used in making perfume can damage furniture. And it's also important to know that a perfume uses 75 percent dilutants, and only 25 percent fragrance.  It's important to choose a dilutant that does not change the smell of the fragrance that you have developed. One dilutant used is vodka. A perfume also needs a fixative to keep that special scent constant. One of the most commonly used fixatives for perfume is glycerine.

The most important points to remember when creating your own scent or perfume are to experiment, be creative, and to have fun.